On-Device Deep Personalization for Robust Activity Data CollectionReviewed, Featured
Nattaya Mairittha, Tittaya Mairittha, Sozo Inoue,
One of the biggest challenges of activity data collection is the need to rely on users and keep them engaged to continually provide labels. Recent breakthroughs in mobile platforms have proven effective in bringing deep neural networks powered intelligence into mobile devices. This study proposes a novel on-device personalization for data labeling for an activity recognition system using mobile sensing. The key idea behind this system is that estimated activities personalized for a specific individual user can be used as feedback to motivate user contribution and improve data labeling quality. First, we exploited fine-tuning using a Deep Recurrent Neural Network to address the lack of sufficient training data and minimize the need for training deep learning on mobile devices from scratch. Second, we utilized a model pruning technique to reduce the computation cost of on-device personalization without affecting the accuracy. Finally, we built a robust activity data labeling system by integrating the two techniques outlined above, allowing the mobile application to create a personalized experience for the user. To demonstrate the proposed model’s capability and feasibility, we developed and deployed the proposed system to realistic settings. For our experimental setup, we gathered more than 16,800 activity windows from 12 activity classes using smartphone sensors. We empirically evaluated the proposed quality by comparing it with a baseline using machine learning. Our results indicate that the proposed system effectively improved activity accuracy recognition for individual users and reduced cost and latency for inference for mobile devices. Based on our findings, we highlight critical and promising future research directions regarding the design of efficient activity data collection with on-device personalization.